Recently, universities in Indonesia are preparing various strategic and tactical efforts in addressing two policies from the Government of Indonesia that published in various mass media in Indonesia. The first policy came from The Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan) about “Kampus Merdeka” that includes about strategies and programs about the opening of new study programs, the accreditation system, state universities with legal status, and the right to learn outside the study program for three semesters. The second policy came from The Ministry of Research and Technology/National Research and Innovation Agency Regarding The Framework for the Implementation of Science and Technology Development 2020-2024 with the Triple Helix Model in the context for the Acceleration of Economic Growth, the Agenda for Resolving the Nation’s Problems, the Agenda for Sustainable Development (Green Development), and the Agenda for the Independence of the National Science and Technology.
From the perspective of the organizational institute ethics, responding to these two issues is not an easy task for the university. The university, as an organization, consists of various components that have to integrate. At the very least, in implementing these policies, the university must be synergic with other elements such as the board of trustees, the academic senate, the professor board, the university’s work units, faculties, departments, majors and study programs that have different roles and assignments
These two higher education policies should not be difficult to implement in operational activities in higher education, given these two policies usually are carried out by every university. The “Kampus Merdeka” policy essentially is about the expansion of autonomy, independence, accelerating bureaucracy, and increasing the innovations in higher education. The National Research and Innovation’s policy essentially is to accelerate and improve the implementation of the innovative research results that oriented to multi-sector collaboration, independence, the needs of society, and the industry for sustainable national development.
The three policies of “Kampus Merdeka,” such as the opening of new study programs, the accreditation system, and the state legal entity university, are the innovative policies for universities that highly anticipated to accelerate the bureaucracy and answer the needs of society, industry, and future challenges. These policies become very interesting because universities will no longer be troubled by administrative-technical activities that have been a problem in universities. These policies restore the primary function of the university as a center for intellectual development for national development, which should not be constrained by the technical and administrative aspects that have been difficult for universities. The challenges of the “Kampus Merdeka” policy that have to be responded quickly are the right to learn outside the study program for three semesters. This policy cannot be executed right away because several things should be done, such as the systemic development and its mechanism, the curriculum adjustment, and the schedule for its implementation. These, of course, require time in its application.
The policy of national research and innovation issued by the government
seeks to encourage the improvement of innovative research programs, and to fund them is in line with the achievements reports, publications, and the
implementation of the research results. Besides the application, the government also seeks to make this research program and national innovation impact the needs and welfare of the society, multi-sector synergy with various institutions, and the requirements of industrial worlds.
Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia responds positively regarding the “Kampus Merdeka” policy and the national research and innovation policy. The strategic efforts that have been made by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia in welcoming the “Kampus Merdeka” policy through strengthening the institutional collaboration, strengthening the innovation in the academic field, and accelerating the realization of access to resources and facilities. Several tactical steps were taken to implement the “Kampus Merdeka” through the establishment of 35 new study programs to respond to the needs of society and the challenges of the industrial world in the future. Increased achievement of international accreditation for institutional study programs that have been running optimally. Strengthening the system and mechanism of three-semester internships outside the existing study program, both internships in Indonesia and abroad. Not only responding to the “Kampus Merdeka” policy, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia is also committed to developing sustainable superior research and innovation programs, international publications, and a downstream program of research results for the people and industry in Indonesia. Several concrete steps have been made by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia to ensure the sustainability of the institution, commitment to society, domestic industry, and national development in the future. In the future, the challenges for universities in Indonesia and Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia will be even greater. Thus, the synergy and collaboration between work units both vertically and horizontally need to be improved (Translated by Muhammad Azka Muharam)